“It may seem incredible that this territory we know as Canada once hosted societies that afforded significant political power to those currently most marginalized: older women. Yet in “Indian Country”, the political authority of older women is not so far in the past. Many contemporary women can describe the political authority their grandmothers held in their families and societies, even after the introduction of western political systems. Jeanette Armstrong recalls that ‘it was traditionally always women who made decisions about resources, who made decisions about land, who made decisions about the wealth and who carefully constructed a balance of power in the family and a balance of work and tasking making and so on”

(Anderson, 2000, 67-68)